By November 10, 2016 Read More →

In 2015, US coal production, consumption, and employment fell over 10%

coal production

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Coal Production Report 2015

2015 employment at US coal mines in decreased by 12% to 65,971 employees

US coal production dropped by more than 10 per cent in 2015 to 897 million short tons (MMst), the lowest production level since 1986, according to the US Energy Information Administration.

Production in all three major coal-producing regions (the Appalachian, the Interior, and the Western) declined, as consumption of coal for electric power generation, industrial, and other uses fell by 13 per cent to 798 MMst in 2015.

Employment at US coal mines fell 12 per cent to about 66,000 employees in 2015, the lowest level since EIA began collecting coal mining employment data in 1978.

The declining trend has continued into 2016 as indicated by the most recent weekly coal production data: US year-to-date coal production as of Oct. 29, 2016, totaled approximately 607 MMst, 20 per cent lower than the comparable year-to-date coal production in 2015.

EIA’s Annual Coal Report compiles annual data on several coal metrics such as production, consumption, stocks, prices, trade, and employment.

For several reasons, including increased competition from natural gas and more stringent state and federal environmental regulations, the use and production of coal has declined in recent years.

Highlights from the Annual Coal Report are included below.

graph of U.S. coal production in top five states and rest of country, as explained in the article text

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Coal Report 2015


The Appalachian region’s coal production in 2015 was 221 MMst, the lowest level since 1978. Coal production in Kentucky and West Virginia fell 21 per cent and 15 per cent, respectively, from 2014.

The Interior region’s coal production declined for the first time in six years, falling to 167.4 MMst, 11 per cent lower than in 2014. Illinois, the largest coal-producing state in the region, declined by 3.2 per cent to 56.1 MMst.

The Western region’s coal production in 2015 decreased by 35.4 MMst to 507.4 MMst. In Wyoming, the largest coal-producing state in the United States, coal production decreased by 15.4 MMst to 375.7 MMst, the lowest level since 2002. Montana’s production was 41.9 MMst, 6.1 per cent lower than in 2014.

Total US coal consumption in 2015 was 798 MMst, a decrease of 13 per cent from 2014 and the lowest level since 1986.

Power sector coal consumption fell in part because of increased competition from natural gas-fired and renewable electricity generation.

Coal consumption in the industrial, coke, and commercial and institutional sectors was 58.6 MMst in 2015, a 9 per cent decrease from 2014.

Coal consumption so far in 2016 is also declining, similar to the trend in coal production.

Data for the first seven months of 2016 indicate that US total coal consumption is 23 per cent lower in 2016 than in the first seven months of 2015.

coal production

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Coal Reports from 2001 to 2015


West Virginia and Kentucky had the largest declines in the average number of employees in 2015, decreasing by 2,840 (16 per cent) and 2,013 employees (17 per cent), respectively.

Although there were fewer coal mine employees in the United States in 2015 than in 2014, the average production per employee-hour increased slightly to 6.3 short tons per employee-hour.

coal production

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