Petroleum product exports from Central Atlantic states unusually high in Feb.

Central Atlantic

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration Note: PADD is Petroleum Administration for Defense District. Finished petroleum products include asphalt and road oil, distillate, jet fuel, kerosene, lubricants, petroleum coke, residual fuel, special naphthas, and total motor gasoline. Central Atlantic

Decline in US gasoline consumption in Jan. and Feb. kept gasoline inventories high

Exports of finished petroleum products from the Central Atlantic region of the United States (Petroleum Administration of Defense District, or PADD 1B) reached a record high in Feb. 2017, according to the US Energy Information Administration.

Increased exports were driven by lower prices for several petroleum products in the Central Atlantic region compared with prices in other regions in the Atlantic Basin. Distillate fuel and total motor gasoline, the two most-consumed petroleum products globally, were among the products that showed an increase in exports.

Distillate exports from Central Atlantic states totalled more than 103,000 barrels b/d in Feb., a record high for the month.

Distillate fuel is usually imported into the Northeast during the winter months because 22 per cent of households in the Northeast use distillate fuel for home heating, a higher proportion than in any other US region.

However, because temperatures were warmer than normal in Feb. 2017, domestic demand was relatively low.

Europe received 50 per cent of the total distillate exported from Central Atlantic states in Feb. 2017.

The remainder went to Central and South America (28 per cent) and Africa (22 per cent).

Total motor gasoline exports from Central Atlantic states totaled more than 31,000 b/d in Feb., much more than the 1,000 b/d average of the previous five Feb..

Nearly all of the gasoline exports from Central Atlantic states went to countries in Africa.

graph of central Atlantic finished petroleum product exports by destination, as explained in the article text

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration

 The atypical volume of petroleum product exports from Central Atlantic states in Feb. 2017 occurred because the region’s prices of these petroleum products were more competitive than normal compared with product prices in other regions in the Atlantic Basin.

Lower relative prices in the Central Atlantic made exports to countries in Africa, Central and South America, and Europe more attractive.

In the beginning of 2017, gasoline and ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) futures prices in New York Harbor weakened against gasoline and ULSD spot prices in Northwest Europe, a major trading hub in the Atlantic Basin market.

Comparing futures prices with spot prices helps to account for transit times associated with shipping products across oceans.

Donate now! Please support high quality journalism by contributing to our Patreon campaign.
Even $5 a month helps us continue delivering high quality news and analysis about
Canadian and American energy stories that affect your life and your lifestyle.

The Northwest Europe gasoline spot price exceeded the reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) front-month futures price on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) in February (Figure 3), the first such premium for that month since at least 2010.

The price spread between the NYMEX ULSD front-month futures price and the Northwest Europe ULSD spot price declined to the lowest level for the month of Feb. since the underlying commodity of the NYMEX ULSD futures contract switched to a distillate with lower sulfur specifications in May 2013.

graph of differences in gasoline and ultra-low sulfur diesel prices, as explained in the article text

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on Bloomberg L.P. Note: ULSD is ultra-low sulfur diesel. RBOB is reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending and represents the petroleum component of gasoline used in many parts of the United States. NYMEX is the New York Mercantile Exchange.

 The gasoline price premium in Northwest Europe in Feb. likely reflected differences between inventory growth in Europe and in the United States during the first two months of the year.

Gasoline inventories at the trading hub of Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp (ARA) in northwest Europe were lower than the previous year because of higher exports from Europe to Africa and other regions.

In contrast, total gasoline stocks reached a record high on Feb. 10, 2017, in the New England and Central Atlantic states (PADDs 1A and 1B, respectively).

The decline in US gasoline consumption in Jan. and Feb. kept gasoline inventories high.

central atlantic

Ph: 432-978-5096 Website: www.mapleleafmarketinginc.com

Distillate stocks in the ARA region have been lower than last year’s level for several months.

In New England and Central Atlantic states, however, distillate stocks were higher than last year’s level in Feb., likely because of decreased demand associated with warmer temperatures.

In Europe, colder-than-normal temperatures, higher distillate exports from the region, and an accelerated expansion of the manufacturing sector in the Eurozone area may have contributed to lower distillate inventories than last year and to higher northwest Europe ULSD spot prices compared with NYMEX ULSD front-month futures prices than in recent years.

Posted in: News

Post a Comment