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US natural gas production resilient to market changes in 2015, but fell in 2016

natural gas production

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Production Annual

Texas natural gas production highest, producing 19.4 Bcf/d in 2015

US dry natural gas production continued to increase in 2015, reaching 74.1 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d), according to the US Energy Information Administration.

This record-high level was a 4.5 per cent (3.2 Bcf/d) increase over 2014, according to EIA’s Natural Gas Annual, which provides final production data for 2015.

The increase in 2015 production levels marked the tenth straight annual increase, with the most recent increase occurring despite natural gas prices at the Louisiana Henry Hub declining more than 40 per cent from an average of $4.55 per million British thermal unit (MMBtu) in 2014 to $2.62/MMBtu in 2015.

natural gas production

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration

Production gains were highest in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia, due in large part to production from the Marcellus and Utica/Point Pleasant shales.

These three states accounted for most of the total increase in 2015.

Although annual production in 2015 grew, monthly US natural gas production has since declined in 2016, falling to 71.4 Bcf/d in July 2016 after reaching a peak of 75 Bcf/d in April 2015.

graph of change in dry natural gas production by state or area, as explained in the article text

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Annual

Texas remains the largest natural gas producing state, producing 19.4 Bcf/d in 2015.

For the third consecutive year, Pennsylvania saw the largest total gain in annual production, increasing to 13 Bcf/d in 2015, up 11.4 per cent from 11.6 Bcf/d in 2014.

Ohio saw the largest percentage increase in natural gas production, increasing 49.9 per cent, from 1.3 Bcf/d in 2014 to 2.6 Bcf/d in 2015.

Louisiana production declined by the largest amount, falling to 4.8 Bcf/d in 2015, a decrease of 0.5 Bcf/d, or 10.8 per cent, compared to 2014.

Shale gas wells continue to be the largest source of total natural gas production.

According to the Natural Gas Annual, gross withdrawals from shale gas wells—which, unlike dry natural gas production, include all compounds extracted at the wellhead—increased from 38.3 Bcf/d in 2014 to 42.4 Bcf/d in 2015, representing 47 per cent of total natural gas production.

This increase in production occurred despite declines in natural gas prices.

natural gas production

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Annual

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